1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of problem
1.3 Objective of the study
1.4 Research Hypotheses
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Scope and limitation of the study
1.7 Definition of terms
1.8 Organization of the study
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW
3.0 Research methodology
3.1 sources of data collection
3.3 Population of the study
3.4 Sampling and sampling distribution
3.5 Validation of research instrument
3.6 Method of data analysis
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
4.2 Data analysis
This study is on analysis of the problems of student teachers during teaching practice exercise. The total population for the study is 200 staff of Ambrose Alli University Ekpoma West local government area of Edo state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up senior lecturers, junior lecturers, graduate assistants and Non academic staff was used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies.
- Background of the study
Teaching as a profession like any other profession has prescribed services it renders to any human society. It is therefore; absolutely necessary for many individuals who went to become a teacher to acquire skills and demands. Students teaching practice is one of such relevant factors in teacher’s education programme. Teaching practice is an “integral part” of teacher education which occupies a phase of its own, during the phase, there will be teacher sent out by his training institution (of lower level). For the purpose of putting into practice the skills he has learnt under the supervision of an experienced teacher. Every student teacher should be made to realize that only teacher who has passed both theory paper and compulsory practical training examination are considered trained and certified. No student teacher is considered fit the award of a pass grade in teaching unless he or she successfully fulfills the prescribed practice regarded as a core course of teacher education programmes, which affords student teachers the opportunity to face the realities of their professional career. The exercise enables the student teacher to adjust and overcome some of the practical problems of teaching often encountered in the classroom. The student teacher who is able to examine a problem from a variety of perspective has the advantage of being in a position to use different approaches. Furthermore, he is also likely to perceive himself as a factor in the problem under consideration. The importance of teaching practice in teacher education programmed cannot be over emphasized. It is the crucial period the teacher put into practical, the student teacher encountered a lot of difficulties (problems) which they have to grapple with for effective teaching learning to place. In Ambrose Alli University, teaching practice is important to the student’s teacher’s understanding the appreciation of the principles of child growth and action to the teaching learning process. Presently, there has been a lot of concern about teaching practice in Ambrose Alli University, it’s especially on it effectiveness and purpose. The concern have been variously expressed by educationist in the Faculty of Education in Ambrose Alli University, student themselves and the general public thought of book written by some of the journal and mass media. Accepting the assumption that not everybody can teach effectively and teachers are made, not born. It therefore follows that in Ambrose Alli University, teachers can be aided to acquire practice knowledge, skill and attitude to good teaching.
- STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Teaching has it own problem which professional teachers try to overcome by teaching practice. Because the student is still practicing teaching he/she is confronted by peculiar problems. Among the problems faced by the student teacher are:
1) Planning the lesson.
2) Poor class management and control.
3) Lack of facilities in practicing school.
4) Poor method of teaching.
5) Ineffective usage of teaching aids.
6) Inability to differentiate between the needs of the individual child and
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are;
- To ascertain the problems most student teachers in Ambrose Alli University as well as other institution encounter during teaching practice
- Find out the supervisory challenges facing student teachers during teaching practice exercise.
- Find out the environmental challenges facing student teachers during teaching practice exercise
- Determine the classroom management challenges facing student teachers during teaching practice exercise
- RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
H0: there are no problem faced by student teachers in Ambrose Alli University as well as other institution encounter during teaching practice
H1: there are problems faced by student teachers in Ambrose Alli University as well as other institution encounter during teaching practice
H02: there is no classroom management challenges facing student teachers during teaching practice exercise
H2: there is classroom management challenges facing student teachers during teaching practice exercise
- SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The benefit that could be derived from the outcome of this research work are as follows-:
(a) It could provide the student teachers with useful information on likely problems they are going to face during teaching practice and to make them prepared to overcome these problems.
(b) It could make the student teacher to be, and are of what the teaching profession demands and what it takes to be a good teacher and function properly in a school environment.
(c) It enables the supervision and teaching organizers to know the various problems student teachers face during teaching practice.
(d) The State and Federal Ministries of Education would be aware of the problems student teachers encounter whenever they are out on teaching practice and this would enable then to provide lasting solution to those problems.
(e) Finally all outcome of this would increase the volume of literature for student teacher in Ambrose Alli University as well as other institution, during teaching practice.
- SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
This study is restricted to the analysis of the problems of student teachers during teaching practice exercise. Teaching practice, as an exercise is included in the education programme of all teachers producing institutions. It therefore means that what obtain in one case in applicable in another case as far as problems of teaching practice is concerned. However, in obtaining the necessary data that aided the researcher final analysis and condition, the study was restricted to Ambrose Alli University alone, both full time and part time student, where the researcher was able to tap information from students who have at one time or the other done teaching practice. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
- a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
- b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
- c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
The concepts are defined as they have been used in this work.
Teaching Practice: It is an integral part of teaching education which occupies a phase or its own.
Student Teacher: A college student in a Teacher Training Institute, who went through required courses in the teacher education programme before being assigned to a co-operating school for professional laboratory experience.
Backward Children: They are those that are below average in their subject but they may be good in one or two subjects their intelligence quotient is much more below 100
Extrovert: They are the noisy, pushful type of children their nurse grievances, they have no patience for work that needs thinking; they prefer activities that involve action.
Introvert: They are the quiet types who really don’t speak out their minds for people to know what they are thinking.
Individual Difference: Individual in variable differ from one another in the extent of their growth and their development progress tends not to be informed in all area within the individual e.g. physical growth may progress at a different rate then intelligence growth.
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study
This material content is developed to serve as a GUIDE for students to conduct academic research
ANALYSIS OF THE PROBLEMS OF STUDENT TEACHERS DURING TEACHING PRACTICE EXERCISE>
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