Download Category: MICRO-BIOLOGY PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS


PREVALENCE OF MALARIA PARASITE AMONG CHILDREN AGE 5-10 IN UTURU COMMUNITY

Abstract Malaria is a major cause of illness and death especially among children under 5years old and pregnant women. It is estimated that more than one million children living in Africa especially in remote areas with poor access to health services die annually from direct and indirect effects of malaria. Fatally affected children often die within less than 72h after developing the symptoms. In Nigeria, malaria consistently ranks among the ...

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FUNGI ASSOCIATED WITH SPOILAGE OF SMOKED DRIED FISH

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Fish is highly nutritious with high protein content. However, it is a suitable medium for growth of microorganisms, if poorly processed (Oparaku and Mgbenka, 2012). The growth of microorganisms and other non-microbial activities such as lipid oxidation contribute to the deterioration of fish products (Martin, 2010). An increase in the ambient temperature triggers favourable conditions for microorganisms to thrive, which reduces the quality of fish and its ...

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LENGTH-WEIGHT RELATIONSHIP, CONDITION FACTOR AND GROWTH OF TILAPIA ZILLI OR ANY OTHER TILAPIA SPECIES

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY Fish were the first vertebrate animals to evolve and have since given rise to all the vertebrate animals found in water and on land. Fossils of fish have been dated back to the Cambrian period around 530 million years ago during a time when the diversity on Earth was going through a massive explosion. Currently, there are more than 30,000 species found around ...

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ANTIMICROBIAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF YOUNGCOCOS NUCIFERA (COCONUT) WATER AND METHALONIC EDXTRACT OF THE YOUNGCOCOS NUCI

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION AND LITERATURE 1.1 Background of the study Medicinal  plants  represent  a  rich  source  of  antimicrobials  and  many  other  drugs.  The  potentials of  higher  plants  as  source  for  new  drugs  is  still  largely  unexplored.  Antibiotic resistance has become a global concern (Westhet al., 2004).  The  clinical  efficacy  of  many  existing  antibiotics  is  being threatened  by  the  emergence  of  multidrug-resistant pathogens  (Bandow,  2003).  Many infectious diseases  have  been  known  ...

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DETECTION OF FUNGI SPECIES INVOLVED IN PARKIABIGLOBOSA SPOILAGE

INTRODUCTION The seed of locust beans (Parkiabiglobosa) plant found growing in the Savannah Africa provides one of the popular seasonings in African diet. The nutritious and delicious food spice is popularly called ‚Äúogiri‚ÄĚ in Igbo, ‚Äúiru‚ÄĚ in Yoruba and ‚Äúdawadawa‚ÄĚ in Hausa in Nigeria. It is heavily consumed in Nigeria, Ghana, Sierre Leone and Togo (Odunfa, 1985). It serves as source of protein for most of the people whose protein ...

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STUDIES ON THE BACTERIA AND HEAVY METAL PROFILE OF RICE FIELD

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Heavy metals are generally referred to as those metals which possess a specific density of more than 5 g/cm3 and adversely affect the environment and living organisms (Järup, 2003). They, without doubt, are important constituents for plants and humans, when present only in small amount. Some micronutrient elements may also be toxic to both animals and plants at high concentrations. For instance, copper ...

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EVALUATION OF THE MACRO-NUTRIENT STATUS OF THE CURRENT FIELD PRACTICAL TRAINING (305) EXPERIMENTAL FARMSITE,

ABSTRACT The current 305 Field Practical Training Farm site of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Benin (Ugbowo), Benin City, Edo state in Nigeria was selected for the study. It has been used for cropping (sole and intercropping) over 12 years were analyzed chemically for the evaluation of basic soil parameters viz., pH, EC, OC and macronutrients such as N, P,K and S by using standard methods. Five locations were ...

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ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF AIR MICROFLORA IN MICROBIOLOGY LABORATORY

ABSTRACT Microflora contamination in laboratories and hospitals is becoming a serious problem worldwide, and the characterization of such contaminants offers hope for the treatment of some infections acquired in hospitals and laboratories (LAI). Microflora contamination in benches, floors, media and equipment can be affected by temperature, humidity, nutrient media in laboratories and media storage conditions. Therefore, microflora sources must be determined, contaminants must be isolated and identified when standard microbiological ...

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COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MICRO-ORGANISM ASSOCIATED WITH THE SPOILAGE OF BANANA

ABSTRACT           The comparative study of microorganisms associated with the spoilage of banana. “Banana is a general term embracing a number of species or hybrid in the genus musa, family bacteria organisms, small pieces of decayed tissue from the leading edge of the lesion was transferred, by means of sterile techniques, to the SDA contained in covered dishes and incubated at room temperature (28-370c).  The fungal and bacterial growth visible ...

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MICROBIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF INDOOR AND OUTDOOR AIR

Abstract This study was aimed at investigating the microbial load and the quality of indoor air Faith Mediplex Centre, Benin City, to ascertain their contribution to infection rate in the hospital. Air samples were assessed for three (3) months (June-August, 2015) using the settled plate methods. The study sites were divided into five (5) units; male medical ward, female medical ward, treatment room, operating theatre and outside the hospital gate. ...

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ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF BACTERIA FROM POULTRY DROPPINGS IN OF SOME POULTRY FARMS IN BIRNIN KEBBI

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Bacteria in Nigeria is one of the most devastating  diseases in the poultry industry (Muhammed, 2008) resulting in retarded growth, decreased meat production, increased cost of treatment and mortality (Kabir, 2010). Intensive poultry rearing is confronted with extremely complicated disease complexes in which salmonellosis occupy an important place (Majid et al., 2010).Salmonella Gallinarum was isolated in three seperate outbreaks on farms in Abeokuta, ...

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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PIPE BORNE WATER AND OTHER SOURCES OF WATER WITHIN ENUGU METROPOLIS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (INDEPENDENCE LAYOUT LOCALITY)

ABSTRACT Comparative examination of three main sources of water supply in Independence layout Enugu was carried out with a view to determine their levels of contamination of bacteria. The sources of water examined are tap water, well water and stream water. The pour plate method was used to examine the water samples. Bacteria isolated from the water samples include coliforms especially Escherichia coli. Stream water and well water were found ...

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BIOCONTROL POTENTIAL OF BACILLUS THURINGIENSIS ISOLATED FROM SOIL SAMPLES AGAINST LARVA OF MOSQUITO

ABSTRACT A major challenge for achieving successful mosquito control is overcoming insecticide resistance. Bacillus thuringiensis which is one of the most effective biolarvacide for control of species of mosquitoes and monitoring of larval susceptibility is essential to avoid resistance development. Mosquito larvacidal activity of Bacillus thuringiensis was assessed by isolating them from ecologically different soil habitats in and around Enugu metropolis. The isolate organisms were confirmed as Bacillus thuringiensis based ...

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ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF HONEY ON Staphylococcus aureusEscherichia coli and Streptococcus pyogen ISOLATED FROM WOUND

  ABSTRACT Antibacterial activity of honey obtained from two different locations in Enugu State (Nsukka & Ugwuaji) Nigeria on Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Streptococcus pyogens isolated from wound was studied. Agar well diffusion method was used to determine the antibacterial activity of the honey on the test microorganisms. The result revealed that the two honey samples have heavy antibacterial activities against the test organisms and zones of inhibition were ...

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OPTIMIZING ALPHA AMYLASE PRODUCTION FROM LOCALLY ISOLATED Aspergillus species USING SELECTED AGRO WASTES AS SUBSTRATES

ABSTRACT őĪ-Amylase are enzymes that are used in the degradation of starch. This study focuses on optimizing the production of őĪ-Amylase using locally isolated Aspergillus japonicus in defined and undefined medium. Five grams of cocoyam waste, sweet potato waste, wheat waste and plantain peel were utilized as substrates during fermentation for the production of őĪ-Amylase using 1 ml spore suspension as inoculum. The fermentation media contained in g/l (0.8 NaCl, ...

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PREVALENCE OF MULTIDRUG RESISTANT LIVESTOCK ASSOCIATED STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS ISOLATED FROM NASAL PASSAGE OF HEALTHY CATTLE IN KARA MARKET OGUN STATE NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Staphylococcus aureus, ‚Äėone of the most adaptable and virulent pathogens in modern times‚Äô is a facultative anaerobic Gram-positive coccal bacterium able to infect any tissue of the human body to cause ailments ranging from minor skin infections to life-threatening diseases. The bacterium is also known to colonize and infect both pets and livestock, including dogs, cats, rabbits, horses, cattle and pigs to result in zoonosis. A major concern is ...

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MULTIDRUG RESISTANCE PROFILE AND METALLO-BETA-LACTAMASE PRODUCTION IN Pseudomonas aeruginosa ISOLATED FROM THE NASAL CAVITY OF CATTLE FROM KARA MARKET OGUN STATE NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Pseudomonas aeruginosa¬†is an ubiquitous, Gram-negative, rod-shaped, monoflagellated bacterium, capable of causing serious infections in immunocompromised host. It is one of the most difficult multidrug resistant microorganisms capable of producing metallo-ő≤-lactamase (MBL). Though a notorious organism, its identification should not be limited to pigment production alone, as some strains do not produce pigments. This study was aimed at evaluating the increasing prevalence of multidrug resistance profile and MBL production in ...

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ISOLATION AND CHARACTERISTICS OF SALMONELLA SPECIES FROM FROZEN FOODS IN OWERRI

ABSTRACT   A study was conducted to determine the presence of Salmonella species in Frozen Foods in Owerri in August, 2000. A total of 30 Food samples were collected from the different market in ten different locations in Owerri and examined for the presence of Salmonella. After the culturing and biochemical tests, three different Salmonella species were isolated and they include: Salmonella typhi, Salmonella typhimurium and Salmonella paratyphi A. out ...

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THE EFFECTS OF DETERGENT EFFLUENT DISCHARGES ON THE ASPECT OF WATER QUALITY OF THE RIVER

ABSTRACT Ntamiri River, Along Umuagwo axis were studied over a period of  twelve months to determine the effects of detergent effluent discharges on the aspect of water quality of the river. Water samples from Points A, B and C were screened for microbiological analysis. The results revealed that the level of pollution varied depending on season and that the water quality was acceptable at the upstream (Point A) but became ...

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ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF MICROORGANISM IN STREAM WATER ATOLAGBE IREE TOWN

ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF MICROORGANISM IN STREAM WATER IREE TOWN¬† ¬†ABSTRACT The stream water was examined for microorganism present in it. The isolated and identified bacteria are Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus. While fungi are Aspergilllus niger and Sacchromyces cerevisae Pnicillium chrysogenum. TABLE OF CONTENT TITLE PAGE CERTIFICATION DEDICATION ACKNOWLEDGMENT TABLE OF CONTENT ABSTRACT CHAPTER ONE 1.0¬†¬†¬† INTRODUCTION   CHAPTER TWO 2.0¬†¬†¬† LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1¬†¬†¬† PURPOSE OF STUDY   CHAPTER ...

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