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ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF ARTISANAL FISHING ENTERPRISES IN GUMA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BENUE STATE NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Nigerian agriculture  is currently  characterized  by low  productivity,  low level of technological adoption and use of inefficient production techniques. This has  resulted  to  reduced  food  production.  Fishery  sector  in  Nigeria  plays  an important role in terms of national food security, employment, enterprise development and foreign exchange earning. Increasing efforts to raise the productivity of fishery can be an important measure to address the problem of food insecurity as well ...

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STRATEGIES FOR CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AMONG RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN IMO STATE NIGERIA

Abstract The study was designed to ascertain the strategies for climate change adaptation among rural households in Imo State, Nigeria. Specifically, the study ascertained the respondents’ level of awareness on climate change, ascertained their perceived causes of climate change, identified and documented the effective local adaptation strategies to climate change, and finally identified factors that militate against effective adaptation to climate change in the study area. All the rural households ...

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ECONOMICS OF FISH MARKETING IN AKWA IBOM STATE NIGERIA

ABSTRACT The study investigated the economics of fish marketing in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria using primary data. Purposive and multistage random sampling technique was used to collect the data from 105 respondents  using well-structured  and pre-tested  questionnaire.  These data were  analysed  using  descriptive  statistics,  concentration  ratio,  price  spread,  net  profit margins,  marketing  margins  analyses  and   multinomial  logit  (MNL)  models.  Tests  of significant differences and effects were carried out using analysis ...

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EVALUATION OF NINETEEN BREEDING LINES OF EGGPLANT (SOLANUM MELONGENA) AND DIFFERENTIAL RESPONSE OF THE PROGENY (YALO X K3 BC2 P1) TO SPLIT APPLICATION OF NITROGEN FERTILIZER

ABSTRACT The study to evaluate the variability of eggplant (Solanum melongena) cultivars for improved growth, yield performance and the response of a 6th generation progeny (Yalo X K3 Bc2 P1) to split application of nitrogen fertilizer was carried out at the Department of Crop Science, University of Nigeria, Nsukka Research and Teaching Farm between September, 2016 and August, 2017.  For the field trials, nineteen genotypes (five parents and fourteen progenies) ...

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EVALUATION OF THE ECOWAS FUND FOR ACCELERATED ARTISANAL FISH PRODUCTION PROJECT IN DELTA STATE NIGERIA

ABSTRACT The study evaluated the ECOWAS fund accelerated artisanal fish production project (EFAAFPP) in Delta State. Primary data for the study were obtained through the use of interview schedule from 120 respondents of artisanal fisher folks (AFFs) while secondary data were obtained from the NACRDB office. Percentage, mean, t-test, chi-square statistics and factor analysis were used in analyzing data. Majority (65.8%) of the respondents were males and married (68.1%). Their ...

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PARTIAL NUTRIENT BALANCE IN CASSAVA (MANIHOT ESCULENTA CRANTZ) AND SOYBEAN (GLYCINE MAX (L) MERRIL) INTERCROP FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN A DERIVED SAVANNAH LOCATION

ABSTRACT Three   field   experiments   to   investigate   the   partial   nutrient   balance   (N   and   K)   in cassava/soybean  intercrop  system  were  conducted  at  University  of  Nigeria,  Nsukka  in  a derived Savannah location of South Eastern Nigeria. Effect of fertilizer rate, residual fertilizer and soybean residue management on growth and yield of soybean and cassava and soil nutrient reserve  were  studied.  Soybean  growth  and  yield  were  significantly affected by  their  varieties, fertilizer rate and ...

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ECONOMICS OF SMALL-SCALE OIL PALM PRODUCTION IN KOGI STATE NIGERIA

ABSTRACT The study was conducted to examine the Economics of Small-scale Oil Palm Production in  Kogi  State  of  Nigeria.  The  objectives  of  the  study  are  to:  determine  the  factors affecting resource use efficiency by Oil Palm Producers in the study area and determine the optimum replacement age of oil palm. The tools of analysis used are:- simple descriptive statistics, multiple regression analysis, optimum replacement model and gross margin analysis. From ...

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AN ASSESSMENT OF ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO CLIMATE CHANGE AMONG SMALLHOLDER CROP FARMERS IN ENUGU STATE NIGERIA

ABSTRACT This study was conceived in regard to the empirical reality that farming in Enugu State, as it applies to all parts of Southeastern Nigeria, is constrained by the adverse effects of climate change.  It  was  therefore,  considered  necessary  to  conduct  an assessment  of  smallholder farmers’ awareness to climate change, their adaptation strategies,  the  associated  costs and returns, underpinning, and constraints to their adoption of the identifies adaptation strategies. This ...

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PERFORMANCE OF WATERMELON MARKETING IN ENUGU STATE NIGERIA

ABSTRACT The study analyzed the performance of watermelon marketing in Enugu state, Nigeria. Watermelon has long been regarded as a minor crop in Nigeria and thus, has attracted little marketing research attention,  in  comparison  to  other  major  food  and  cash  crops.  The  specific  objectives  were  to: describe  the socio-economic  characteristics  of watermelon  marketers  (wholesalers  and retailers); describe the marketing channels of watermelon; examine the structure and conducts of watermelon market; ...

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RURAL FARMERS’ AGROFORESTRY PRACTICES IN IMO STATE NIGERIA

ABSTRACT The study was conducted to assess rural farmers’ agroforestry practices in Imo State, Nigeria. The population for the study comprised all farmers involved in agroforestry practices in Imo state. Four local government areas (LGAs) were selected out of 27 LGAs in the state using simple random sampling technique. From the four LGAs, two town communities were purposively selected based on their involvement in agroforestry practices giving a total of ...

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EFFECTS OF SOCIOECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES ON RENEWABLE RESOURCE DEGRADATION IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Nigeria is faced with many environmental problems. Available data indicate that Nigeria is losing her renewable natural resources (including arable land, forest, pasture/rangeland and water resources) beyond sustainable limits. Economic and environmental systems interact in many important ways and hence the need to understand these interactions and develop effective public policy. While economic systems derive many invaluable inputs (some commodified, others free) from environmental systems and processes, economic activity ...

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ECONOMIC STUDY OF THE USE OF ORGANIC MANURE IN YELLOW PEPPER (CAPSICUM ANNUUM L.) PRODUCTION IN NSUKKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE

ABSTRACT Economic study of the use of organic manure in yellow pepper production in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State was carried out. The study was aimed at; describing the socio economic characteristics of yellow pepper farmers,  identifying factors  that  motivate  the  use  of  organic  manure  by  yellow  pepper  farmers, determining   the   yellow   pepper   farmers’   willingness   to   pay   for   processed biodegradable waste, determining and comparing the costs and returns ...

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EXCHANGE COMPETITIVENESS ON COCOA PRODUCTION FROM RATE AND NIGERIA AGRICULTURAL 1970 TO 2014

ABSTRACT This Research assessed the exchange rate and agricultural competitiveness of cocoa production in Nigeria from 1970 to 2014 with a view to empirically investigate the relationships between exchange rate and agricultural competitiveness of cocoa production in Nigeria. This research is particularly imperative considering the observations from various scholars that the problem in cocoa sub-sector is not only being less competitive but also less profitable. There have been fluctuations over ...

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LAND LEASE MARKET AND ITS EFFECTS ON CROP PRODUCTION IN ENUGU STATE NIGERIA

ABSTRACT This study empirically assessed the effects of land lease market on crop production in Enugu State, Nigeria. The specific objectives were to: describe the socio-economic characteristics of crop farmers; identify the land tenure systems available in the study area; identify and describe the structure and conducts of land lease market; ascertain factors influencing land lease market; determine the influence of land lease forms and practices adopted by farmers on ...

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TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY IN THE PRODUCTION OF NSUKKA YELLOW PEPPER AMONG RURAL FARMERS IN ENUGU NORTH AGRICULTURAL ZONE, ENUGU STATE  NIGERIA

ABSTRACT This study determines the technical efficiency level and socioeconomic characteristics that influence the technical efficiency of yellow pepper farmers. Stochastic Frontier function that incorporated inefficiency factors was estimated using a Maximum Likelihood technique to provide estimates  of technical  efficiency and  its  determinants  using data obtained  from  60 Nsukka Yellow pepper farmers in Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria. The result shows that the mean technical efficiency was 70 percent indicating the ...

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LINKAGES BETWEEN FORMAL AND INFORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS IN SOUTH EASTERN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT The study examined linkages between formal and informal financial institutions  in  South Eastern  Nigeria.  The  area  was  purposively  chosen  because  of  the  intense  economic  activities including borrowing and savings of both the formal and informal financial institutions in this area. The objectives of the study were: to identify the financial institutions in the area and describe the operations of the formal and informal financial institutions; identify areas that formal ...

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PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES AND JUVENILE PHENOLOGY OF AFRICAN WALNUT (PLUKENETIA CONOPHORUM MUELL ARG) ACCESSIONS FROM SOUTHEASTERN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT African   walnut   (Plukenetia   conophorum   Muell   Arg)   is   a   member   of   the   family Euphorbiaceae.  It is cultivated  principally for the nuts which are eaten raw or  served  as snacks  after  roasting  or  boiling.  P.  conophorum  serves  many  nutritional  and  medicinal purposes  as well as good source of rural income.  Despite the  potentials  of this plant, its existence is threatened by deforestation, urbanization and similar activities. The present study was designed ...

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EFFECT OF CONTROLLED FERMENTATION OF SOME TRADITIONAL FOODS ON THE GLYCAEMIC RESPONSE OF DIABETIC ADULT RATS

ABSTRACT Effect of controlled fermentation with Candida tropicalis on glycaemic index of cassava, maize and sorghum flours and blood glucose response, protein utilization, mineral and vitamin bioavailability of their blends in diabetes induced adult rats was studied. Candida tropicalis was isolated and used in semi-solid state controlled fermentation of the starchy foods at 0, 24, 48 and 72h. Physicochemical composition of the fermented starchy flours and two under-exploited unfermented legume ...

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SOIL DISPERSION AND HYDRAULIC CONDUCTIVITY IN RELATION TO CLAY CONTENT EXCHANGEABLE SODIUM PERCENTAGE AND ELECTROLYTE CONCENTRATION IN SOILS OF SOUTHEASTERN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT The  objective  of  the  study was  to  investigate  the  influence  of  some  soil  properties  on dispersion and hydraulic conductivity of soils.  Twenty soil samples collected from a depth of 0-20 cm were analyzed  for their physical and chemical properties. The total clay  fraction (clay) of the particle size distribution ranged from 80 to 380 g/kg with a mean of 203 g/kg and a coefficient of variation (CV %) of ...

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MOTHERS’ KNOWLEDGE PRACTICE OF EXCLUSIVE BREAST FEEDING AND ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES OF THEIR INFANTS IN ABA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA ABIA STATE NIGERIA.

ABSTRACT This   study   assessed   mothers’   knowledge,   practice   of   exclusive   breastfeeding   and   the anthropometric indices of their infants in Aba south local government area, Abia state, Nigeria. Five hundred (500) lactating mother-child  pair randomly selected during their  postnatal care visit in six out of seventeen health centers in the LGA participated in the study. Ethical clearance was obtained  from the chief medical  officer  in the LGA and mothers’  consent  was sought ...

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